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Agriculture in the Past and at Present

الزراعة بين الماضي والحاضر


الزراعة بين الماضي والحاضر


1. If you ask your grandparents أجداد how they got their food, they might have a

different answer than you think. Why is this? It’s because agriculture الزراعة has

changed تغيرت throughout history. عبر التاريخ

2. In the past, في الماضي farmers المزارعون would have to do field work by hand

or with horse-drawn equipment معدات تجرها الخيول . This work would take a long

time to complete, which meant that farms المزارع were smaller because

farmers could only work so much land. Horses were not very fast, and since

they were animals, they would get tired يتعب and need rest to recover يستعيد

from their hard work.

3. Farmers use technology تقنية to make advances تقدم in producing إنتاج more

food for a growing world. العالم المتنامي Through the use of technology, each

farmer is able to feed 155 يطعم people today, compared to 1940 مقارنة ب , when

one farmer could feed only 19 people. Farmers use technologies such as

motorized equipment معدات آلية , modified عدّل housing for animals and

biotechnology التقنية الحيوية , which allow for improvement تحسين in agriculture.

Better technology has allowed farmers to feed more people and requires

fewer people to work on farms to feed their families.

4. Today, most farmers use tractors تراكتورات and other motorized equipment

to help with field work. Tractors, combines, plows, etc. are much larger and

move much faster than horses, so farmers are able to produce more food in

a shorter amount of time. These machines still need to be taken care of

because they can break down يتعطل just like a car, but they can run for longer

periods and do not need recovery periods


1. Farms were smaller because…………

a.farmers would have to do hard field work by hand

b.Horses were not very fast they would get tired

c.the work would take a long time to complete

d. All of the above are correct

2. The underlined pronoun” they” in Paragraph No. 2 refers to …………

a. animals b. horses c. farmers d. farms

3. The main idea of Paragraph 3 is…………

a. More people to work on farms to feed their families.

b. how technology contributed to the increase of the food production

c.how each farmer was able to feed 155 persons in 1940

d. Farmers used technology to feed 19 persons every day

4. The underlined verb ”break down” in the last paragraph probably

means……….

a. stop working

 b. run for longer periods

c. move much faster 

d. take care of

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نموذج اختبار ستيب | الزراعة بين الماضي والحاضر Agriculture in the Past and at Present

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