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نموذج اختبار ستيب | البحار العثماني التركي بيري رئيس Piri Reis


Read the following Passage and then answer the questions below:


1. Ahmed MuhiddinPiri ((born between 1465 and 1470 and died

between 1554 and1555), better known as PiriReis (Turkish: Pîrî Reis ), was

an Ottoman admiral, ضابط بحرية navigator ملاّح بحري , geographer جغرافي

and mapmaker. صانع خرائط

2.PiriReis is known today for his maps and charts collected in his Kitab-

IBahriye (Book of Navigation كتاب البحرية ), a book that contains detailed

مفصلة information on navigation, as well as very accurate charts خرائط دقيقة (for

their time) describing تصف the important ports موانئ and cities of

the Mediterranean Sea. البحر الأبيض المتوسط

3. He gained fame as a mapmaker when a small part of his first world

map (prepared in 1513) was discovered in 1929 at the Topkapı

Palace in Istanbul. His world map is the oldest known Turkish atlas showing

the New World, and one of the oldest maps of America still in existence موجودة

anywhere (the oldest known map of America that is still in existence is the

map drawn by Juan de la Cosa in 1500.

4. The first Perry-Reese map drawn by Perry as head of the world, ended in

1513 and was presented to Sultan Selim I in Egypt in 1517,

including Spain, East Africa , the Atlantic Ocean المحيط الأطلسي and the then

known sections of America and the Antilles . The loss of some of them

indicates that it was a map of the world. One of the most interesting

observations ملاحظات is the fifth observation of America’s discovery.,

5.The second map is a map of the world that dates back

يعود تاريخها to 1528, and includes تشمل the section قسم from which we have reached

وصل the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean and the northern shores سواحل of

North America from Greenland to the Florida Peninsula شبه جزيرة . The most

important feature ميّزة of this map is that the islands and some beaches شواطئ

are drawn almost to reality الواقع , compared to مقارنة ب the first map.


1. Paragraph No. 1 shows ………….

a. the exact year of the Reis’s birth

b. the exact year of the Reis’s death

c. that neither theReis’s exact birth nor his exact death was known

d. thatReis was born in1465 died in 1554

2. Paragraph No. 2 is mainly talking about………

a. the content of “Book of Navigation” written by Piri Reis

b.describing the important ports and cities of the Mediterranean Sea

c. navigation only

d. only maps and charts of the world.

3. Theoldest known map of America that is still in existence was

drawn………..

a. by Juan de la Cosa

b. by Piri Reis

c. in 1500

d. ( a and C)

4. Sultan Selim I lived in the ……………..century.

 a.15 th

d. 13 th 

c. 14 th

 b. 16 th

5. The second map, compared to the first map drawn by

Reis,………..

a. showed that the islands and some beaches are drawn almost to reality

b. was drawn in the 15th century

cshowed the Atlantic Ocean and the northern shores of South America

d. was the same as the first map.

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