نموذج اختبار ستيب | الحمام الزاجل The Passenger Pigeon
Read the following passage carefully. Answer the questions that follow.
1. The passenger pigeon الحمام الزاجل is an extinct منقرض bird that was at one
time one of the most common birds in North America. The last
passenger pigeon died on September 1st ,1914 at the Cincinnati Zoo.
2. The male passenger pigeon was about 42 centimeter long, with a
long pointed tail. It had a short black beak منقار . Its eyes and feet were
red. The head and the body feathers were gray, while the throat
feathers were purple.
3. Between five and nine billion passenger pigeons lived across eastern
North America in the mid-1800s They made up between 25% and
50% of the entire bird population of the United States .They flew
sometimes in groups of several millions.
4. At times the sky was so thick with the birds that they hid the sun. In
1813, a bird watcher reported seeing a flock مجموعة of passenger
pigeons that took three hours to fly past. He also saw trees
collapsing ينهار under the weight ثقل of the resting birds.
5. Passenger pigeons lived mainly in forests They ate mostly nuts from
the trees. The birds got the name "passenger " because they traveled
often to new places to look for food. When the birds rested, they
gathered in تجمعت huge groups, covering areas of up to 75 square
6. The number of passenger pigeons began to decrease in the
1850s.There were several reasons for this. First, many trees were cut
down to use as fuel وقود and lumber خشب . And to clear the land for
farms. As a result, the passenger pigeon's habitat was destroyed.
Second, hunters and farmers killed millions of birds. Many of the
birds were used for food. They were shipped تشحن to the cities where
they were made into pigeon pies. فطائر Farmers hated the birds because
they ate their corn and other crops. A final reason for the birds'
extinction انقراض was that female passenger pigeons laid only one egg
each year. So not enough young birds were born each year to make
up for the huge numbers being killed.
7. The last wild passenger pigeon was shot down by a young boy in Ohio
on March 24,1900.The species was declared أعلن extinct in 1911.
1.Paragraph 2 is mainly talking about:
a) the beauty of the male passenger pigeon
b) the description for the male passenger pigeon
c) color of the female passenger pigeon
d) the feet and the eyes of the male passenger pigeon
2. In the mid-1800s,_________passenger pigeons lived across eastern
b) 75 billion
c) a maximum of nine billion
d) between five and nine million.
3. The birds got the name "passenger pigeon" because _________.
a) they used to help the passengers
b) they flocked together like passengers
c) they gathered in huge groups
d) they traveled often to new places to look for food
4.The main idea of paragraph 6 is:
a) the reasons why the passenger pigeons become extinct
b) the female passenger pigeon laid only one egg a year.
c) Passenger pigeons flew in groups of millions.
d) the pigeons cut down many trees to use as fuel
5.The underlined word “ this” in paragraph # 6 refers to ________.
b) the big number of the passenger pigeons
d) the decrease in the passenger pigeons
6.What is the main idea of this reading passage ?
a) Passenger pigeons were beautiful birds.
b) Passenger pigeons are extinct although they were in billions.
c) Passenger pigeons lived mainly in forests.
d) The number of passenger pigeons began to decrease in the 1850s