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نموذج اختبار ستيب | بركان فيزوف Vesuvius Volcano


Read the following passage and then answer the following questions


بركان فيزوف

 Vesuvius Volcano

1. Vesuvius ("Vesuvio" in Italian) is probably not only the most

famous, but also one, if not the most dangerous volcano on Earth.

The first eyewitness شاهد عيان account of a volcanic eruption ثوران

البركان that has been preserved has come to us from Vesuvius: In 79

AD, after a century-long slumber نائم /ساكن , the volcano woke up

with terrifying power قوة مرعبة in an eruption that buried دفن several

Roman towns like Pompeii and Herculaneum under several meters

of ash رماد . Today, parts of these cities have been excavated يُنقب عن

and are among the most remarkable archaeological sites مواقع أثرية of

the world, allowing us to have an excellent view on Roman life and

culture, where time and life had been frozen in a moment.

2. When one thinks about Vesuvius volcano today, one aspect أحد

الجوانب is eminent بارز : due to the dense population كثافة سكانية

surrounding محيطة it, and ever climbing higher and higher up on its

slopes منحدرات , it is certainly among Earth's most dangerous

volcanoes. It is estimated يقدّر that more than 500,000 people live in

the zone منطقة immediately threatened مهددة by a future eruption.

When this happens is not known; it is possible that Vesuvius has

entered into one of its typically century-long قرن lasting phases of

dormancy, سكون/ خمول but volcanoes can be unpredictable لا يمكن التنبؤ به


1. Vesuvius volcano was called so ……

a. because it is an Italian word meaning dangerous

b. because it was a terrifying power

c. because in Italian it means the most famous

d. by the name of Vesuvius who was the first eyewitness of the volcano

2.The underlined word " slumber" in Paragraph 1 probably means…..

a. asleep or inactive

b. eruption

c. century

d. terrifying power

3.The passage says that Vesuvius volcano erupted after it slept for………

a. 79 years

b. 500,000 years

c. 100 years

d. 2 centuries

4.The underlined pronoun " it" in paragraph 2 refers to……

a. aspect

b. Vesuvius volcano

c. population

d. surrounding

5.The second paragraph is mainly talking about……..

a.the future threats of the Vesuvius volcano to the surrounding population

b. the dense population surrounding the volcano

c. the 500,000 population in the area of the volcano

d. the predictable eruption of the volcano

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