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نموذج اختبار ستيب | اللغة العربية الفصحى واللغة العربية الرسمية الحديثة

 Classical Arabic and CA, or Fusha Arabic


Read the following passage and then answer the following questions


1. Classical Arabic العربية الكلاسيكية (CA, or Fus’ha Arabic العربية الفصحى ): The

term Classical Arabic (CA) refers to Fus’ha Arabic based on Quranic

Arabic, which was used during the early Islamic era , العصر الإسلامي الأول

from the emergence ظهور of Islam through the Umayyad caliphate الخلافة

الأاموية , up until the end of the Abbasid caliphate الخلافة العباسية . Towards the

end of the Abbasid dynasty rule, deviations اخطاء started to appear

(termed “Lahn” اللحن by Arab linguists اللغويين ), precluding بداية the

widespread انتشار of dialect Arabic " العربية العامية " اللهجات as a spoken form,

and the diglossia"فصحى وعامية " ازدواجية اللغة phenomenon ظاهرة in Arabic. CA

was based on the Arabic of the Arabian Peninsula شبه الجزيزة العربية during

the pre-Islam era " عصر ما قبل الاسلام " الجاهلية , which was in turn based on

Nabti نبطي Arabic. The early Islamic era introduced radical changes تغيرات

جذرية to Arabic, creating the register اسلوب we now know as CA. Some of

these changes were motivated حفزه by the need to unify Quran readings,

and others were motivated by enabling non-Arabs to learn Arabic as a

requirement to practice the rituals of Islam شعائر الاسلام . The latter included

adding dots and supplementary diacritics (tashkeel تشكيل الكلمات ) by Abu

al-Aswad al-Du'ali, أبو الاسود الدؤلي Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi, الخليل بن

احمد الفراهيدي and other scholars .علماء آخرون

2. Modern Standard Arabic (MSA): Modern Standard Arabic is the form of

Arabic used in modern day media وسائل الاعلام , including TV channels, print

and online newspapers and magazines, as well as official

correspondence. The emergence ظهور of MSA dates back to the collapse

of the Ottoman Empire, انهيار الامبراطورية العثمانية and the revival إحياء of Arabic

as a formal language in the Levant المشرق and North Africa. The

renaissance النهضة of Arabic was aided by the widespread of modern

printing press during the first half of the 20th century, with MSA starting to

take its distinctive form شكل مميز in its second half, influenced by modern

Arabic literature. أدب

3. Quran is considered the main medium وسيلة for CA. Other media include

Hadith (quotes from prophet Mohamad), and the literature of the

Umayyad and Abbasid eras, especially Arabic poetry شِعر and literature in

religious studies and philosophy. Literature translated to Arabic from

other languages in that era constitutes يُشكّل another important medium

for CA.


1. Classical Arabic ( CA) …………………

a. was also known as Fus'ha Arabic

b. was based on Quranic Arabic

c. was exposed to deviations towards the end of the Abbasid dynasty rule

d. ( A+B+C)

2. The changes that the Classical Arabic ( CA) underwent included

………..

a. adding only dots

b. adding dots and tashkeel ( diacritics)

c. adding only tashkeel

d. none of the above

3. The form of Arabic used in modern day media, including TV

channels, and print is called.................

a. Classical Arabic

b. diglossia phenomenon in Arabic

c. Spoken Arabic

d. Modern Standard Arabic

4.Classical Arabic can be easily found…...............

a. in Quran and Hadith

b. on TV channels, and print

c. in online newspapers and magazines,

d. in spoken Arabic

5.The best title for this passage could be……

a. Classical Arabic

b. Differences between Classical Arabic and Modern Standard Arabic

c. Spoken Arabic

d. Modern Standard Arabic

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